Демоверсия ОГЭ по английскому языку 2018 (письменная часть)

Раздел 1 Раздел 2 Раздел 3

Раздел 1 (Задания по аудированию и письменной речи)

1. Вы готовите радиопередачу с короткими интервью. Вы услышите пять фрагментов интервью разных людей, обозначенных буквами А, В, С, D, Е. Подберите к каждому высказыванию соответствующую его содержанию рубрику из списка 1–6. Используйте каждую рубрику из списка только один раз. В списке есть одна лишняя рубрика. Вы услышите запись дважды.

  1. Favourite subject
  2. After-class activities
  3. School classroom
  4. School library
  5. School book exhibition
  6. Difficult situation

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Говорящий A B C D E

Вы услышите беседу. В заданиях 2–6 закончите предложения, заполнив пропуски. Необходимо вписать не более двух слов для каждого из заданий в соответствии с прослушанным текстом. Вы услышите запись дважды.

2. Lucy usually gets to school by _______________.

3. The sport Lucy wants to start is ______________.

4. The sports facilities provided by the school include _____________.

5. Lucy’s favourite school subject is ________________.

6. In the evening Lucy is planning to go to the _______________.

Вы услышите рассказ Нэнси Смит о себе. Заполните таблицу, используя информацию из прослушанного текста. Используйте не более двух слов для ответа на каждое задание. Не используйте цифры в своем ответе, числительные пишите словами. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Name Nancy Smith
7 Country
8 Age
9 Favourite school subject
10 Sport
11 Favourite food
12 Pet

13. Изложите содержание прослушанного текста о Нэнси Смит от третьего лица. Используйте всю информацию, представленную в заполненной Вами таблице (см. задания 7 — 12). Объём изложения 90–120 слов.

14. Опираясь на прослушанный текст, ответьте на вопросы: What do you think about the sport Nancy does? Would you like to do it? What is your favourite sport and why? Объём ответа – 3-4 предложения.

15.Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.
  1. In a park
  2. In a shop
  3. In a vet clinic
  4. In a hotel
  5. At a party

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Диалог A B C D
Место действия

16.Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами А, В, С, D, Е. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1–6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.
  1. The speaker talks about his/her favourite subject.
  2. The speaker talks about his/her after-class activities.
  3. The speaker describes his/her school classroom.
  4. The speaker explains how to use the school library.
  5. The speaker describes a school book exhibition.
  6. The speaker explains what his/her friend is angry about.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Говорящий A B C D E

Вы услышите разговор двух подростков. В заданиях 3–8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

17. Where does Kevin’s family live?

  1. In Canada.
  2. In France.
  3. In Britain.

18. Who is Kevin travelling with?

  1. His parents.
  2. His class.
  3. On his own.

19. What is Kevin’s hobby?

  1. Tourism.
  2. Sports.
  3. Music.

20. What kind of job does Kevin want to do in the future?

  1. He wants to be in show business.
  2. He wants to be an IT engineer.
  3. He wants to be a scientist.

21. What is Kevin planning to do next year?

  1. To start university.
  2. To continue school.
  3. To travel abroad.

22. What souvenirs has Kevin bought?

  1. Pictures of the city.
  2. Printed T-shirts.
  3. Souvenir mugs.

По окончании выполнения заданий 1–8 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ No 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 2 (Задания по чтению)

Вы проводите информационный поиск в ходе выполнения проектной работы. Определите, в каком из текстов A–F содержатся ответы на интересующие Вас вопросы 1–7. Один из вопросов останется без ответа. Занесите Ваши ответы в таблицу.
  1. Where can we see the best Gzhel collection?
  2. Who can become a Gzhel artist?
  3. What do we call Gzhel?
  4. What is the technique of Gzhel painting?
  5. What is the traditional Gzhel ceramics design?
  6. What is the origin of the word Gzhel?
  7. How were the first Gzhel products used?

A. Gzhel is a famous type of Russian ceramics. It comes from the region with the same name, which is situated about sixty kilometers away from Moscow. Gzhel is not one place, to be exact. There are about 27 villages in the area which are involved in Gzhel ceramic production. The place can be easily reached by railroad and it is often visited by tourists.

B. It is believed that the place where Gzhel ceramics is produced was named after the river Gzhelka, a small river flowing through the area. However, linguists still argue about where the word comes from. Some of them say it has Baltic roots. Others claim that the name is connected with the technological process. The word gzhel is similar to an old Russian word which means burn. Indeed, clay should be burnt to become hard before it is good enough for pottery.

C. The clay production in Gzhel started to develop in the 17th century when the Russian monarch ordered the delivery of different sorts of clay to Moscow. Gzhel clay was found to be the best for making pots and containers for pharmacies. The doctors and pharmacists valued it a lot. They preferred to keep most of the medicine and herbs in ceramic pots to keep them fresh and effective for a long time.

D. Gzhel ceramics can be easily identified by its beautiful white and blue coloured decoration. White means pure snow and moonlight. Light and dark blue symbolize the calm sky and rivers. Though the images on ceramics are usually flowers, they are all unique. Every item is a handmade picture with a unique combination of lines. Blue and white Gzhel ceramics are well-known all over the world.

E. You may think that Gzhel painters create their works freely, using their imagination. Although the talent of an artist and creativity are certainly important, the painter needs to follow a very strict technological scheme. Each ornament represents an image or a story that is given a code. All the codes are listed in catalogues and kept in the factory library. Technologists use catalogues to modernize production and organize training for new painters.

F. The Gzhel museum is a special attraction. The finest items from the 15th century to the present are displayed there. The collection of the museum contains about two thousand pieces and presents a great variety of bowls, vases, tea sets, toys and statutes. The place is good for a family day out – apart from enjoying the displays and buying souvenirs, you can watch the production process or take classes in sculpture or painting.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Текст A B C D E F

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений 16–22 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

The Best Job in the World

Have you ever heard of the Great Barrier Reef? It is the world’s largest coral reef system along the eastern coast of Australia. In February 2009 an extraordinary position was advertised by the Australian Tourism Office. The advertisement ran that the Great Barrier Reef needed a caretaker for half a year. It was for a special person who would look after the Reef.

The job offered a large salary, free accommodation in a luxury villa, and transportation there and around the islands. All expenses would be paid: the winner wouldn’t need to spend any extra money on anything.

The job’s duties were pretty simple. You could only dream of such requirements. First, the person had to speak English and swim well. Second, on the island his responsibility included writing a weekly Internet blog. The job description also required the successful applicant to explore the islands of the Great Barrier Reef, swim, make friends with the locals and generally enjoy the tropical climate and lifestyle. A real dream!

Within the first 2 days of the contest, the tourism office received more than seven thousand online applications. All told, 34,000 people of all different nationalities applied. The candidates were interviewed and the winner was Ben Southall from the UK.

Ben greatly enjoyed the dream job he had got. He realised that people knew very little about our planet and its treasures. Living in big cities, they forgot how important the flora and fauna of this world were. Every time Ben went outdoors, he could discover something new. Ben’s life on the island was not just fun. It was very busy, busier than most people imagined. He worked seven days a week and up to 19 hours a day. The Best Job included travelling to over 60 islands of the Reef almost every day. It was not just looking after the Reef, Ben had a lot of meetings, press conferences and interviews. He was getting a lot of attention all the time and he couldn’t get away from it. That was probably the hardest part of the job. Moreover, any adventure has a certain degree of risk. Swimming and diving on the Great Barrier Reef was not different. Ben had to deal with whales, sharks and other huge sea creatures. Surprisingly, the most dangerous thing was a small jellyfish about the size of a little finger. It’s considered to be extremely poisonous and Ben was stung by it. He had to spend a couple of days in hospital but luckily recovered after a course of antibiotics.

Ben often says that the project has taught him a few valuable lessons. He said, «I’ve
learned that we get one life on earth so we have to use it. There’ll always be other
countries to visit, other people to meet and other adventures to meet. This is what I
wish to do. I’m planning to go to Asia in a few years’ time».

16. The Australian Tourism Office needed a caretaker for six months.

  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated

17. There was no Internet on the islands of the Great Barrier Reef.

  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated

18. People from different countries applied for the job.

  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated

19. While working as a caretaker Ben Southall had lots of free time.

  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated

20. To do his job Ben Southall had to communicate with journalists.

  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated

21. Ben Southhall was taken to hospital after a shark attack.

  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated

22. Ben Southall is going to make a film about his work on the islands.

  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated

Раздел 3 (Задания по грамматике и лексике)

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 23–28 так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию
23 This is a story about four children whose names were Peter, Susan, Edmund and Lucy. They had to leave their home city, London, during the war. They __________________ to the house of an old Professor. SEND
24 He lived in the country, ten miles from the __________________ railway station. NEAR
25 He __________________ a wife and he lived in a very large house with a housekeeper. On their first evening, the children said good night to the Professor and went upstairs. Peter suggested exploring the house in the morning. NOT HAVE
26 When the next morning __________________, there was a steady rain falling. COME
27 Susan, however, was hopeful, «I think the weather __________________ soon.» IMPROVE
28 «We were going to explore the house,» Peter reminded them. He __________________ a sandwich at the moment and was absolutely happy with the whole situation. Everyone nodded and at that point their amazing adventures began. EAT

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 29–34 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует
отдельному заданию 29–34.


29 Ostankino Tower is the highest tower in Russia. Thanks to the Tower the citizens of Moscow can watch a lot of __________________ TV channels and listen to the radio. DIFFER
30 The construction of Ostankino Tower, which lasted seven years, was completed in 1967. The __________________ design of the TV tower – an upside down flower — was thought of by Nikolai Nikitin. USUAL
31 According to legend, it took the __________________ architect only a night to create the image of the tower. FAME
32 Ostankino isn’t just a television tower but also a place where visitors can enjoy the __________________ panorama of Moscow. WONDER
33 The Tower has several high-speed lifts that take people to the observation platform very __________________. QUICK
34 More than 1,000 people visit it every day to enjoy the view and to get some __________________ about the unique tower. INFORM